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Canada - Maple Leaf
(Acer rubrum) Adopted February 15, 1965

The Maple Leaf began to serve as a Canadian symbol as early as 1700.

It was confirmed as an official symbol of Canada on February 15th, 1865 with the proclamation of Canada's flag.

The Maple tree was officially proclaimed national arboreal emblem of Canada on April 25, 1996.

Alberta - Wild Rose
(Rosa acicularis) Adopted 1930

Alberta school children chose the pink, prickly wild rose as Alberta’s flower.

The wild rose, with pale to deep pink flowers, grows profusely everywhere in the Province.

British Columbia - Pacific Dogwood
(Cornus nuttallii) Adopted 1956

These big, white flowers bloom on tall trees in April May and June and sometimes again in September. It has red berries and brilliant foliage in the fall.

These tall trees are found in the forests of southwestern British Columbia and Puget Sound District of the United States.

Manitoba  - Prairie Crocus
(Anemone patens) Adopted March 16th, 1906

Manitoba school children chose the Prairie Crocus as Manitoba's flower by a vote in the Province's schools. It blooms very early in the spring, often before the snow has melted.

It's furry covering protects it from the cold. The Prairie Crocus is various shades of purple.

New Brunswick  - Purple Violet
(Viola cucullata) Adopted 1936

The Purple Violet was recommended as the floral emblem of New Brunswick by the New Brunswick Women's Institute. This small purple or dark blue flower is found in the meadows and woods of eastern Canada.

It grows all over New Brunswick blooming in the in the spring and early summer.

Newfoundland and Labrador - Pitcher Plant
(Sarracenia purpurea) Adopted June 22, 1954

Newfoundland Cabinet selected this unusual plant as its floral emblem. The Pitcher Plant is an insect-eating plant. The hollow tube-shaped leaves collect water and trap the insects.

It can be found in the bogs and marshes blooms in May and June.

Northwest Territories - Mountain Avens
(Dryas integrifolia) Adopted June, 1957
The Mountain Avens, a hardy member of the rose family, blooms in June and July. It grows abundantly in the central and eastern regions of the Arctic flourishing on the high rocky grounds.

Nova Scotia - Mayflower
(Epigaea repens) Adopted 1901

The mayflower grows along the East coast of North America. Early American settlers named it mayflower after their ship. This pink flower grows very close to the ground in the woodlands.

It has shiny evergreen leaves and tiny flowers that bloom in early spring.

Nunavut Territory - Purple Saxifraga
(Saxifraga oppositifolia) Adopted 2000
The Purple Saxifraga is a small, bright-purple flower that grows over rocks and gravel. It is the first flower to appear in the spring and can be found growing all over Nunavut. It blooms from April to July.

Ontario - White Trillium
(Trillium grandiflorum) Adopted 1937

The White Trillium was recommended as the floral emblem of Ontario by the Ontario Horticultural Society. This flower, also know as wake-robin, grows in abundance in Ontario's woodlands in late April and May.

Three white waxy petals form each flower. The blooms are sensitive to sunlight and are usually facing the sun.

Prince Edward Island - Lady's Slipper
(Cypripedium acaule) Adopted April 25th, 1947
The flower gets its name from its petals, which are shaped like a woman’s shoe. Lady's Slipper bloom in late May and early June and are found beneath the cool shade of spruce and pine trees.

Quebec - Blue Flag
(Iris versicolor Linné) Adopted November, 1999

In November 1999 Quebec officially changed the floral emblem from the White Lily to the Blue Flag Iris. This native plant of Quebec is found in wetland areas blooming in May and June.

The blossoms vary from light to deep blue with yellow and white markings. Long narrow leaves grow from the root.

Saskatchewan - Western Red Lily
(Lillium philadelphicum) Adopted April 8th, 1941
The Western Red Lily, also known as Prairie Lily, was the official emblem of the Assiniboia Regiment, one of the oldest settlements in the Province. This tall, bright red flower grows in moist meadows and semi wooded areas blooming from late June to mid July.

Yukon Territory - Fireweed
(Epilobium angustifolium) Adopted 1957

The Fireweed is a tall plant with many small, dark pink flowers.  It is named "fireweed" because it is the first plant to appear after a fire. The Fireweed can be seen everywhere in the Yukon.

It blooms in June, July and August and can be found in clearings or next to roads and rivers.