Mexico is bounded on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
On September 16, 1810, independence from Spain was declared by Priest Miguel Hidalgo. A long war ensued that eventually led to recognized independence in 1821. Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836. The annexation of Texas by the United States created a border dispute that would cause the Mexican-American War. Mexico was defeated and as a result of the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (1848), Mexico lost one third of its surface area to the United States.
National Flag and Bandera Nacional
The flag of Mexico was adopted on September 16th, 1968. Variations of it have been used since 1821 during the first Mexican Empire.
Colors - Green White and Red
White signifies unity; Red, blood of the national heroes; and Green, hope."
Coat of Arms
The coat of arms was redesigned in 1968, and approved by President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz.
States and Territories
Mexico has thirty-one States and one Federal District.
Baja California Sur
San Luis Potosí
Mexico has one of the largest tourism industries in the world receiving over 20 million tourists per year.
Sombrero typically refers to a type of hat originating in Mexico. The word Sombrero derives from the Spanish word sombra, meaning "shade" or "shadow".